Ayurveda is a measure for ultimate liberation of soul through Health. Ayurveda is considered as the upaveda (subsection) of Atharvaveda. The Ayurvedic knowledge is a gift to the whole mankind. Our Creator imparted it to human beings through ancient messengers and sages. The Vedas has recorded quotes on Ayurveda.
Ayurveda is a combination of two words, Ayuh and Veda
The word Ayuh means Life and Veda means Knowledge. The knowledge about life is called as Ayurveda.
The definition of Life or Ayuh
The union of Sareera (body), Indriya (sense organs), Satva or Mana (mind) and Atma (soul) is called as Life or Ayuh . According to Ayurveda,Ayuh never ends because the soul is eternal.
Definition of Ayurveda
Ayurveda is a measure for attaining Purusharthas - Dharma (Righteousness), Artha (Monetary benefits), Kama (Desires) and Moksha (Liberation of Soul) through Health. Ayurveda teaches the method of attaining health.
Ayurveda is the science that deals with four types of Ayuh or Life namely,
• Hitayu. (benevolent life)
• Ahitayu. (malevolent life)
• Sukhayu (Happy life)
• Dukhayu (Unhappy life)
Ayurveda is a measurement explaining the advantages and disadvantages of the above mentioned four types of life. Ayurveda teaches the meaning of life. It is the only knowledge which gives equal importance to the soul, mind and body. Follow Ayurveda to get rid of all diseases of mind and body. An individual who follows Ayurveda will have a soul moving towards the goal of “Ultimate Liberation”.
Ayurveda is mainly based on Pachamahabhoota Sidhanta, Tridosha Sidhanta and Lola Purusha Samanya Sidhanta.
• Panchamahabhoota Sidhanta (The theory of Universe made up of five elements called Pachamahabhoota)
This theory states that all the belongings of this Universe is made of five elements namely,
- Prithvi (Solid form or Earth)
- Ap (Liquid form or water)
- Tejas (Heat or fire)
- Vayu (Air or Gases)
- Akasha (Space or vaccum)
• Tridosha Sidhanta (The theory of three humors Vata, Pitta and Kapha)
This theory states that all the activities within a human being is controlled by three factors or humors namely Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The diseases of mind is determined based on Rajas and Tamas, they are the respective doshas of mind. Doshas of mind are also connected to the doshas of body.
• Loka Purusha Samanya Sidhanta (Theory of similarity of Universe and human being)
This theory states that human body is an epitome of this Universe.
Ayurveda is also a science, a science based on Indian scientific laws. It follows the scientific rules in all aspects. Science when defined we get this definition- observation , identification, description, experimental , investigation and theoretical explanation of a natural phenomena- in case of Ayurveda , the basic principles of this science, were attained from Creator and the knowledge was recorded based on those teachings.
Prakriti is attained at the time of fertilization. Prakriti or constitution is unchangeable and is determined based on the predominance of Vata, Pitta and Kapha dosha in that particular individual.
According to Ayurveda, there are 7 prakriti namely,
In general a Vataprakriti person is talkative, fast moving and lean. Pitta prakriti person is moderately built, with good digestion and vision. Kaphaprakriti individual is calm , stable and well built. The combination of two dosha prakriti is observed more commonly. The equal distribution of three doshas gives the ‘best prakriti’, which occurs rarely.
There are a lot of measures used in Ayurveda to understand prakriti. Examinations including pulse diagnosis and observation are the best measures for understanding prakriti and vikruti (disbalance) of an individual.Prakriti and Vikriti can also be assessed through unique communication method.
Contact us, to learn more about yourself by determining your Prakriti and Vikruti.
Diet and Regimen, is equally important as external and internal procedures of Ayurveda. An individual following proper diet and regimen can keep the diseases away and stay healthy.
त्रिविधंकुक्षौस्थापयेदवकाशांशमाहारस्याहारमुपयुञ्जानः; तद्यथा–एकमवकाशांशंमूर्तानामाहारविकाराणाम्, एकंद्रवाणाम्, एकंपुनर्वातपित्तश्लेष्मणाम्; एतावतींह्याहारमात्रामुपयुञ्जानोनामात्राहारजंकिञ्चिदशुभंप्राप्नोति॥
Avoid- dry products like oats etc, big banana, apples, bread, dry meat and raw nuts
Add- sesame oil,ghee,butter, wheat, other fruits than listed above, meat, sweets etc
Avoid- Spicy food always, avoid chilli, avoid excess citrus fruits, avoid alcohol,fermented milk product
Add- Sweet, bitter taste, grapes, pomegranate, wheat, other fruits than citrus, milk, ghee,butter
Add-dry food, dry fruits, wheat , less meat, easy to digest meat like goat meat, goat milk, milk added with water, eat warm food
Avoid- Excess animal fat, excess vegetable oils , excess meat, fermented milk products, cold generating fruits in excess, excess rice, excess water and juices
Vata – mild exercises
Pitta- moderate exercises
Kapha- hard workouts.
The above mentioned diet and regimen are a generalized presentation. Ayurveda suggests individual diet and regimen plans. An individual diet can be attained after going through a complete Ayurvedic assessment. Following a proper diet and regimen keeps an individual away from all diseases.
विकारोधातुवैषम्यमं , साम्यमंप्रकृतिरुच्यते।
सुखसञ्जकमारोग्यमं , विकारोदुःखमेवच॥
The abnormality observed in dhatus or mind are due to the changes in doshas. The disbalance in doshas may lead to a disease. The process of balancing of doshas in body and mind is called as Chikitsa or treatment.
Imbalance in Tridosha is disease. Perfect balance of doshas is called as health.
There are two types of medicines.
1. Shamana - Palliative treatment – which brings the Doshas to normalcy, useful in initial stages
2. Shodhana – Purification treatment – which expels imbalanced Doshas out of body – Useful in
aggravated stages of diseases.
For Vata – Vasti (enema) is the Shodhana treatment, and oil is Shamana treatment. In general Vasthi is of two types namely Nirooha Vasthi or Kashaya Vasthi and Anuvasana Vasthi.
For pitta – Virechana (Purgation) is Shodhana and Ghee is Shamana.
For Kapha – Vamana (emesis) is Shodhana and Honey is Shamana.
Pancha vidha sodhana or five types of puirifications namely
- Nasya (usage of nasal drops for treating the diseases above neck)
- Kashaya vasthi and
- Anuvasana vasthi or Snehavasthi are used for expelling vitiated doshas out of the body. The most popular group of procedure namely Panchakarma is also used for expelling vitiated doshas. Panchakarma includes
- Vasthi and
The basic knowledge of understanding the doshas of body (Vata, Pitta and Kapha) and doshas of mind (Rajas and Tamas) within a person along with advising diet , regimen and treatment suitable to that particular individual is the duty of an Ayurveda specialist. Ayurveda helps to attain health and health leads to attain the purposes of life namely Dharma (Righteousness), Artha (Wealth), Kama (Desires) and Moksha (the ultimate liberation of Soul).
Ayurveda also suggest Rasayana – the rejuvenation and which is the key treatment method to add maximum benefits to a person after treatment by adding complete rejuvenation to an individual.
Rasayana therapy or Rejuvenation therapy therapy is the method used in Ayurvedic science to retain the complete health of an individual through balancing the functioning of all the bodily tissues and mind. The Rejuvenation procedure aims a complete refreshing of an individual.
In Ayurveda science , the rejuvenation is attained with the help of diet, regimen, intake of preparations and therapies. Prior to the therapeutic measures a detailed assessment of patient is done with the help of Ayurvedic assessing tools. The basic constitution (Prakriti) and vitiation (Vikriti) level of a patient is assessed by an Ayurveda specialist through various examination measures.
In general, there are two types of Rasayana procedures, namely
The Kutipraveshika method of Rasayana is performed by undergoing treatment measures within a closed chamber. All physical and mental contact with the external atmosphere is detached in case of Kutipraveshika method of rejuvenation. Suryamaruthika rasayana is a method of rejuvenation which can be performed in all the human beings without much severe restrictions. Kutipraveshika method can be only be performed under complete rest. The Suryamaruthika method can be performed by anyone along with their daily normal activities.
There are targeted benefits for Rejuvenation therapy. Anti-ageing, hair protection, skin protection, intestinal system activity and mental boosting are few among the benefits of Rejuvenation therapy. Rejuvenation therapy is performed after proper purification measures. The purification procedures are performed through Panchakarma. Vamana (emesis), Virechana (purgation), Vasthi (enema) Nasyam (nasal medication) and Raktamoksha (Blood letting) are the purification methods used in Ayurveda. Internal as well as external therapeutic measures are used along with the purification procedures.
Our ancestors have developed proper therapeutic as well as supportive measures to delay the ageing process. The Rejuvenation helps in improving all the activities within an individual. The Rasayana chikitsa or Rejuvenation therapy improves immune system and it is also having anti-degeneration character.
The effects of Rasayana according Ayurvedic classical textbooks are,
Improved physical and mental harmony
Free from diseases
Mental and physical strength
Command over language
Ayurveda has numerous single as well as compound preparations for performing the Rasayana treatment. According to Ayurveda, Rasayana rejuvenates all the seven dhatus of the body. Ayurveda explains that body is made of seven dhatus (Ayurvedic equivalent of body tissues) namely,
• Rasa (plasma)
• Asthi (bones)
• Majja (Other connective tissue, nervous tissue etc.) and
• Sukra (semen and other sexual factors)
The proper metabolism is the key factor for attaining Rejuvenation. Rasayana therapy aims at the proper metabolism from the beginning to end for making a complete refreshing and rejuvenation.
Rasayana therapy or Rejuvenation therapy is one among the eight major branches of Ayurveda. Rasayana is considered to be the solution for this present scenario. Rasayana assures a nature friendly and side-effect free rejuvenation.
Rasayana is the only solution and suitable therapy for getting relief from hectic and busy life schedule. Rejuvenation leads to a healthy and disease free life.
Understanding the basic principles of Ayurveda and following it leads an individual to attain eternity or the Ultimate Liberation.
Follow Ayurveda and guide your soul towards liberation with a completely healthy body and mind.